Node.js vs PHP: Which is better for web development?
Today, we’ll take a look upon the two different yet powerful backends that work dynamic websites. We are talking about PHP and Node js. They both fall under the same category but hold some great features that are quite distinct.
In this article, we are going to discuss:
- <li><a href=”#1″>Short description of both the languages along with their short explanations:</a> </li>
- <li><a href=”#2″>Difference between the two languages on different parameters</a> </li>
- <li><a href=”#3″>Performance of Node.js vs PHP</a> </li>
- <li><a href=”#4″>Node.js: Pros and Cons</a> </li>
- <li><a href=”#5″>PHP: Pros and Cons</a> </li>
- <li><a href=”#6″>Node.js vs PHP: Which is better for web development?</a> </li>
An Overview of NodeJs
Node.js uses an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model that makes it lightweight and efficient, impeccable or data-intensive real-time applications that run across distributed devices.
An Overview of PHP
PHP is a server-side scripting language designed for web development but also used as a general-purpose programming language. Originally created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994, the PHP reference implementation is now produced by the PHP group. Also, the ever-increasing popularity of content management systems like Drupal, WordPress, Shopify and WooCommerce portrays how PHP has covered the backend under its wings.
PHP provides a switch statement that allows you to execute a code block conditionally. A PHP switch statement compares a variable or an expression against many different values and executes a code block based on the value it equals to.
After an introduction to both the languages, let’s now move on to the detailed comparison between the two.
Difference between the two languages on different parameters
Node.js and PHP are able to manage any complexity of the applications, they are built around different architectures and concepts. If you are an app owner or a business owner, selecting between these programming languages for your web development project can be a difficult situation indeed.
Performance of Node.js vs PHP
- If we talk about js performance then it simply brings fast Server-side solutions as it is powered by event-driven, non-blocking I/O model.
- It executes codes faster than expected -thanks to Google Chrome’s latest V8 engine.
- Released under MIT license, it does not buffer any data.
- It supports multi-platforms such as Linux, Mac OS, Microsoft Windows, etc.
- Code or script written in PHP performs faster than that of written in other languages including JSP & ASP.
- Rich code base supports faster development and helps developers to understand it easily.
- That means if you are a fresher in PHP, you can work like a pro.
- PHP is easily portable and can run on any server it has been designed to run such Apache, IIS, etc.
- PHP also supports multi-platforms such as Windows, Linux, Unix, Mac OS X, etc.
Node.js – Pros and Cons
- Fast Backend Solution
- One Language
- More Flexibility
When we talk about app development with Node.js, there are very limited dependencies and guidelines. There are no specific rules asking developers to choose a set architecture or pattern, which gives them access to over hundreds of different modules.
Apart from these, there are a number of pros that are a part of Node.js, such as – Being identical to JS, it is a lot easier to learn Node, it is ideal when working with large files.
- Not ideal for Intensive Apps
The framework is not ideal for the handling of intensive CPU activities such as editions of graphics, generation of audio and videos, etc. The applications made by Node are a lot more responsive, which makes it difficult to develop graphics-centric apps.
- The Node Environment is Still a Little Immature
With this covered, let’s see what are PHP’s pros and cons in the development arena.
PHP – Pros and Cons
- Robust Code
The environment comes with a strong code base with platforms like – Joomla, WordPress, and Drupal, which enables developers and Entrepreneurs to reap the benefits of Rapid Application Development. One can develop e-commerce websites in minutes with the help of PHP. This also makes PHP ideal for the development of the CMS (Content Management System).
- Exact Solution
Irrespective of where the PHP is running – server or platform – it always offers a precise app development solution. This makes it a lot easier for small companies to integrate, develop, share, and manage apps with no knowledge of SSH console commands.
- Web Offerings
PHP came into existence for working efficiently on the web with functionalities to manage HTML. So, for developers who wish to avoid creating an overload of the client-side, when creating a CMS (Content Management System), PHP comes as a highly beneficial solution.
Apart from these, there are a number of advantages that PHP comes with, such as – Huge community support, portability, support of hosting services.
- Poor Manageability of Code
- Client-Server Model Slow
Because the client-server model of PHP is a lot more outdated than Node, it is also a lot slower.
In addition to these two disadvantages, PHP also does not separate business logic and views. Because of this, it gets difficult to add new functions to the codebase.
Now that you have seen the advantages and disadvantages that both Node.js and PHP come with, it is important to understand that while the pros & cons combination of one environment would be suitable for one business, chances are that the combination of the same environment won’t work for the other business. Meaning, knowing different PHP vs Node.js benchmarks is not enough; you must also be familiar with different scenarios they are effective in.
Something that we will cover in this article, but after taking a look at the brand evangelists of both the environments.
To conclude, both Node.js and PHP are able to serve as a great server-side framework. Both of them have some pros and cons, however, the amazing thing is that both are developed by the experts in order to make web and mobile development better.
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